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Until the Second World War, Liepāja was a home to 12 synagogues and prayer halls. The most notable was the Great Choral Synagogue.

Liepāja Great Choral Synagogue was constructed from 1870 to 1873 in the Neo-Renaissance style following the model of the synagogue on the Oranienburger Straße in Berlin. Three domes crowned the western side of the synagogue.

During the German occupation in July 1941, the Great Choral Synagogue of Liepāja was destroyed. Since it was too dangerous to detonate a building in the city centre, so the Nazi authorities ordered the Jews to dismantle it by hand. A residential multi-apartment building was built on the site of the Great Synagogue after the war.

In 2014, a memorial site with a miniature Synagogue model was placed on the site of the synagogue. Its author is the sculptor Raimonds Gabaliņš.